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Travel Guide 2   >   Australia   >   History

   
 

Australian History


The first humans are believed to have arrived in Australia over 40,000 years ago. These people arrived via land-bridges and/or sea crossings from Southeast Asia, and became the indigenous people known as "aborigines". An additional and distinct group of early settlers, ethnically Melanesian, settled in the Torres Strait Islands (the Strait between Australia and Papua New Guinea) and the far North of Queensland.

Replica of James Cook's ship, HMB Endeavour, in Cooktown Harbour, 1988 Europeans first began to reach the area at the aroud the beginning of the 17th century. The first undisputed sighting of the Australian mainland was by the Dutch sea captain, William Janszoon in 1606. The Dutch are known to have chartered the western and northern shorelines of the continent during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement of what they called at the time "New Holland". In 1770, British navigator, James Cook mapped parts of the East coast of Australia: the region today known as New South Wales. Cook claimed the area for Great Britain.

The first British colony was established in New South Wales on January 26th, a day that is now remembered as "Australia Day". The British formerly claimed the western portions of Australia in 1859, and during the 19th century a whole series of separate British colonies were established around the continent. Much of this British colonization was based upon the transportation of convicts to penal colonies, and it was only in 1848 that the transportation of convicts to New South Wales stopped.

The arrival of Europeans had a drastic effect on the indigenous aboriginal population. This fell dramaticly from a high of 350,000 due to the infectious diseases, forced resettlements, and other factors. Indeed, although the issues remain highly controversial and disputed, some historians have characterized the events of the period as genocide.

In 1850s, the European population increased further thanks to a gold rush, and between 1855 and 1890, each of the six British colonies was separately granted responsible government - while the the colonies were autonomous in their internal affairs, they Britain retained control of foreign affairs and defense. In 1901, the six colonies were united in a federation known as the Commonwealth of Australia.

Australia participated in both World War I and World War II as part of the British Empire. To many Australians the events of the world wars, especially the Gallipoli campaign in World War I, and the Kokoda Track Campaign in World War II, were important milestones in Australia's path to independent nationhood.

Legally, Australia first moved towards independence from Britain with the Statue of Westminister in 1931 (although Australia did not ratify it until 1942, but then back dated its effect to 1939), which granted effective independence in most matters. Australia however did retain some constitutional ties with Britain for another 40 years, these only finally be severed with the passing of the Australia Act in 1986. It should be noted that the British Queen Elizabeth II is also Queen of Australia, and a 1999 national referendum rejected becoming a republic.

Here are some books about the history of Australia:


Books about Australian History


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History of Australia: A Captivating Guide to Australian History, Starting from the Aborigines Through the Dutch East India Company, James Cook, and World War II to the Present (Australasia)

By Captivating History

Captivating History
Released: April 2nd, 2022
Paperback (128 pages)

History of Australia: A Captivating Guide to Australian History, Starting from the Aborigines Through the Dutch East India Company, James Cook, and World War II to the Present (Australasia)
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Description:
History of Australia: A Captivating Guide to Australian History, Starting from the Aborigines Through the Dutch East India Company, James Cook, and World War II to the Present (Australasia)
  • Manufacturer: Captivating History
  • ISBN: 1637166095
  • EAN: 9781637166093
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 128
  • Author: Captivating History
  • Publication Date: April 2nd, 2022
  • Release Date: April 2nd, 2022
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 inches by 6.0 inches by 0.29 inches
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Australia: History of Australia: Discover the major events that shaped the history of Australia

By James Walker

Independently Published
Released: September 13th, 2018
Paperback (184 pages)

Australia: History of Australia: Discover the major events that shaped the history of Australia
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Australia: History of Australia: Discover the major events that shaped the history of Australia
  • Manufacturer: Independently published
  • Brand: Independently Published
  • ISBN: 1720287872
  • EAN: 9781720287872
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 184
  • Author: James Walker
  • Publication Date: September 13th, 2018
  • Release Date: September 13th, 2018
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 inches by 6.0 inches by 0.46 inches
  • Weight: 0.62 Pounds
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A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)

By Stuart Macintyre

Cambridge University Press
Released: January 14th, 2021
Paperback (420 pages)

A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)
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A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • Brand: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 1108728480
  • EAN: 9781108728485
  • PartNumber: 9781108728485
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 5
  • Number of Pages: 420
  • Author: Stuart Macintyre
  • Publication Date: January 14th, 2021
  • Release Date: January 14th, 2021
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.5 Inches by 5.5 Inches by 0.75 Inches
  • Weight: 1.10231131 pounds
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Transgender Australia: A History Since 1910

By Noah Riseman PhD

Melbourne University Press
Released: September 26th, 2023
Paperback (336 pages)

Transgender Australia: A History Since 1910
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Transgender Australia: A History Since 1910
  • Manufacturer: Melbourne University Press
  • ISBN: 0522879322
  • EAN: 9780522879322
  • PartNumber: 9780522879322
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Author: Noah Riseman PhD
  • Publication Date: September 26th, 2023
  • Release Date: September 26th, 2023
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.17321 Inches by 6.06298 Inches by 1.45669 Inches
  • Weight: 1.02735414092 pounds
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A History of Australia (Bloomsbury Essential Histories, 27)

By Mark Peel

Springer
Released: November 6th, 2017
Paperback (308 pages)

A History of Australia (Bloomsbury Essential Histories, 27)
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A History of Australia (Bloomsbury Essential Histories, 27)
  • Manufacturer: Bloomsbury Academic
  • Brand: Springer
  • ISBNs: 9781137605498, 1137605499
  • EAN: 9781137605498
  • PartNumber: 29015160
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 2
  • Number of Pages: 308
  • Authors: Mark Peel, Christina Twomey
  • Publication Date: November 6th, 2017
  • Release Date: November 6th, 2017
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.2700622 inches by 5.8299096 inches by 0.688975 inches
  • Weight: 1.11112980048 Pounds
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Batavia

By Peter FitzSimons

William Heinemann Australia
Released: October 1st, 2012
Paperback (512 pages)

Batavia
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Batavia
  • Manufacturer: William Heinemann Australia
  • Brand: William Heinemann Australia
  • ISBNs: 1864711345, 9781864711349
  • EAN: 9781864711349
  • PartNumber: 19698336
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: Reprint
  • Number of Pages: 512
  • Author: Peter FitzSimons
  • Publication Date: October 1st, 2012
  • Release Date: October 1st, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.5 inches by 6.0 inches by 1.6 inches
  • Weight: 1.543235834 Pounds
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Australian History For Dummies

By Alex McDermott

For Dummies
Released: March 15th, 2022
Paperback (496 pages)

Australian History For Dummies
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Australian History For Dummies
  • Manufacturer: For Dummies
  • ISBN: 0730395456
  • EAN: 9780730395454
  • PartNumber: 9780730395454
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 2
  • Number of Pages: 496
  • Author: Alex McDermott
  • Publication Date: March 15th, 2022
  • Release Date: March 15th, 2022
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.25 inches by 7.375 inches by 1.12 inches
  • Weight: 1.25002102554 Pounds
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Aboriginal Australians

By Richard Broome

A&u Academic
Released: April 1st, 2020
Paperback (432 pages)

Aboriginal Australians
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Aboriginal Australians
  • Manufacturer: A&U Academic
  • Brand: A&u Academic
  • ISBN: 1760528218
  • EAN: 9781760528218
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: Fifth edition
  • Number of Pages: 432
  • Author: Richard Broome
  • Publication Date: April 1st, 2020
  • Release Date: April 1st, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.25 inches by 6.0 inches by 1.1 inches
  • Weight: 1.85 Pounds
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Australia: A Very Short Introduction

By Kenneth Morgan

Oxford University Press
Released: June 18th, 2012
Paperback (150 pages)

Australia: A Very Short Introduction
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Australia: A Very Short Introduction
  • Manufacturer: Oxford University Press
  • Brand: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 0199589933
  • EAN: 9780199589937
  • PartNumber: 9780199589937
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: Illustrated
  • Number of Pages: 150
  • Author: Kenneth Morgan
  • Publication Date: June 18th, 2012
  • Release Date: June 18th, 2012
Physical Description:
  • Size: 0.3 Inches by 6.8 Inches by 4.3 Inches
  • Weight: 0.2866009406 Pounds
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A Traveller's History of Australia (Interlink Traveller's Histories)

By John H. Chambers

Interlink Books
Released: September 17th, 2014
Other Paperback (368 pages)

A Traveller s History of Australia (Interlink Traveller s Histories)
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A Traveller's History of Australia (Interlink Traveller's Histories)
  • Manufacturer: Interlink Books
  • Brand: Interlink Books
  • ISBNs: 9781566564243, 1566564247
  • EAN: 9781566564243
  • PartNumber: illustrations
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 2nd
  • Number of Pages: 368
  • Author: John H. Chambers
  • Publication Date: September 17th, 2014
  • Release Date: September 17th, 2014
Physical Description:
  • Size: 7.75 inches by 5.0 inches by 0.9 inches
  • Weight: 0.89948602896 Pounds
  • Color: Other
Features:
  • Used Book in Good Condition
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