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Travel Guide 2   >   Australia   >   History

   
 

Australian History


The first humans are believed to have arrived in Australia over 40,000 years ago. These people arrived via land-bridges and/or sea crossings from Southeast Asia, and became the indigenous people known as "aborigines". An additional and distinct group of early settlers, ethnically Melanesian, settled in the Torres Strait Islands (the Strait between Australia and Papua New Guinea) and the far North of Queensland.

Replica of James Cook's ship, HMB Endeavour, in Cooktown Harbour, 1988 Europeans first began to reach the area at the aroud the beginning of the 17th century. The first undisputed sighting of the Australian mainland was by the Dutch sea captain, William Janszoon in 1606. The Dutch are known to have chartered the western and northern shorelines of the continent during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement of what they called at the time "New Holland". In 1770, British navigator, James Cook mapped parts of the East coast of Australia: the region today known as New South Wales. Cook claimed the area for Great Britain.

The first British colony was established in New South Wales on January 26th, a day that is now remembered as "Australia Day". The British formerly claimed the western portions of Australia in 1859, and during the 19th century a whole series of separate British colonies were established around the continent. Much of this British colonization was based upon the transportation of convicts to penal colonies, and it was only in 1848 that the transportation of convicts to New South Wales stopped.

The arrival of Europeans had a drastic effect on the indigenous aboriginal population. This fell dramaticly from a high of 350,000 due to the infectious diseases, forced resettlements, and other factors. Indeed, although the issues remain highly controversial and disputed, some historians have characterized the events of the period as genocide.

In 1850s, the European population increased further thanks to a gold rush, and between 1855 and 1890, each of the six British colonies was separately granted responsible government - while the the colonies were autonomous in their internal affairs, they Britain retained control of foreign affairs and defense. In 1901, the six colonies were united in a federation known as the Commonwealth of Australia.

Australia participated in both World War I and World War II as part of the British Empire. To many Australians the events of the world wars, especially the Gallipoli campaign in World War I, and the Kokoda Track Campaign in World War II, were important milestones in Australia's path to independent nationhood.

Legally, Australia first moved towards independence from Britain with the Statue of Westminister in 1931 (although Australia did not ratify it until 1942, but then back dated its effect to 1939), which granted effective independence in most matters. Australia however did retain some constitutional ties with Britain for another 40 years, these only finally be severed with the passing of the Australia Act in 1986. It should be noted that the British Queen Elizabeth II is also Queen of Australia, and a 1999 national referendum rejected becoming a republic.

Here are some books about the history of Australia:


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Books about Australian History


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Australian History for Dummies

By Alex McDermott

Wiley
Released: May 16th, 2011
Paperback (448 pages)

Australian History for Dummies
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Australian History for Dummies
  • Manufacturer: For Dummies
  • Brand: Wiley
  • ISBN: 1742169996
  • EAN: 9781742169996
  • PartNumber: 9781742169996
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 448
  • Author: Alex McDermott
  • Publication Date: May 16th, 2011
  • Release Date: May 16th, 2011
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.999982 Inches by 7.299198 Inches by 1.401572 Inches
  • Weight: 1.61378375784 Pounds
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Girt: The Unauthorised History of Australia

By David Hunt

Black Inc.
Released: July 24th, 2013
Paperback (286 pages)

Girt: The Unauthorised History of Australia
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Girt: The Unauthorised History of Australia
  • Manufacturer: Black Inc.
  • ISBN: 1863956115
  • EAN: 9781863956116
  • PartNumber: 21401999
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: First Edition
  • Number of Pages: 286
  • Author: David Hunt
  • Publication Date: July 24th, 2013
  • Release Date: July 24th, 2013
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  • Size: 9.21258 Inches by 6.14172 Inches by 0.5999988 Inches
  • Weight: 0.84216584084 Pounds
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1788: The Brutal Truth of the First Fleet

By David Hill

William Heinemann Australia
Released: February 23rd, 2010
Paperback (392 pages)

1788: The Brutal Truth of the First Fleet
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1788: The Brutal Truth of the First Fleet
  • Manufacturer: William Heinemann Australia
  • Brand: William Heinemann Australia
  • ISBNs: 9781741668001, 174166800X
  • EAN: 9781741668001
  • PartNumber: unknown
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 0
  • Number of Pages: 392
  • Author: David Hill
  • Publication Date: February 23rd, 2010
  • Release Date: February 23rd, 2010
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.0 Inches by 5.0 Inches by 1.0 Inches
  • Weight: 0.64815905028 Pounds
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Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788

By Richard Broome

Allen & Unwin
Released: May 1st, 2010
Paperback (336 pages)

Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788
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Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788
  • Manufacturer: Allen & Unwin
  • Brand: Allen & Unwin
  • ISBN: 1742370519
  • EAN: 9781742370514
  • PartNumber: 9781742370514
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: Fourth Edition, Fourth edition
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Author: Richard Broome
  • Publication Date: May 1st, 2010
  • Release Date: May 1st, 2010
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  • Size: 9.5 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 1.1 Inches
  • Weight: 1.6755131912 Pounds
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  • Used Book in Good Condition
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Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism

Oxford University Press
Released: August 23rd, 2016
Hardcover (320 pages)

Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism
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Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism
  • Manufacturer: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019875325X
  • EAN: 9780198753254
  • PartNumber: 9780198753254
Details:
  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Publication Date: August 23rd, 2016
  • Release Date: August 23rd, 2016
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  • Size: 6.2 Inches by 9.3 Inches by 0.9 Inches
  • Weight: 1.38009376012 Pounds
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Knowing Women: Origins of Women's Education in Nineteenth-Century Australia (Studies in Australian History)

By Marjorie R. Theobald

Cambridge University Press
Released: January 13th, 1998
Paperback (308 pages)

Knowing Women: Origins of Women s Education in Nineteenth-Century Australia (Studies in Australian History)
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Knowing Women: Origins of Women's Education in Nineteenth-Century Australia (Studies in Australian History)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521422329
  • EAN: 9780521422321
  • PartNumber: 1 line figure 23 tones 6 tables
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 308
  • Author: Marjorie R. Theobald
  • Publication Date: January 13th, 1998
  • Release Date: January 13th, 1998
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.02 Inches by 5.98 Inches by 0.71 Inches
  • Weight: 0.992080179 Pounds
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A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)

By Stuart Macintyre

Cambridge Univ Pr
Released: January 8th, 2016
Paperback (396 pages)

A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)
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A Concise History of Australia (Cambridge Concise Histories)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • Brand: Cambridge Univ Pr
  • ISBN: 1107562430
  • EAN: 9781107562431
  • PartNumber: illustrations
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 4
  • Number of Pages: 396
  • Author: Stuart Macintyre
  • Publication Date: January 8th, 2016
  • Release Date: January 8th, 2016
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  • Size: 8.54 Inches by 5.51 Inches by 0.83 Inches
  • Weight: 1.0802650838 Pounds
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  • Cambridge Univ Pr
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Australia 1944-45: Victory in the Pacific (Australian Army History)

Cambridge University Press
Released: December 3rd, 2015
Hardcover (380 pages)

Australia 1944-45: Victory in the Pacific (Australian Army History)
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Australia 1944-45: Victory in the Pacific (Australian Army History)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 110708346X
  • EAN: 9781107083462
  • PartNumber: Illustrated
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  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 380
  • Publication Date: December 3rd, 2015
  • Release Date: December 3rd, 2015
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  • Size: 9.25 Inches by 6.3 Inches by 1.1 Inches
  • Weight: 1.5873282864 Pounds
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Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788

By Richard Broome

A&U Academic
Released: April 1st, 2020
Paperback (432 pages)

Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788
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  • Brand: A&U Academic
  • ISBN: 1760528218
  • EAN: 9781760528218
  • PartNumber: unknown
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  • Paperback
  • Edition: Fifth edition
  • Number of Pages: 432
  • Author: Richard Broome
  • Publication Date: April 1st, 2020
  • Release Date: April 1st, 2020
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  • Size: 9.25 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 1.1 Inches
  • Weight: 1.85 Pounds
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Convict Maids: The Forced Migration of Women to Australia (Studies in Australian History)

By Deborah Oxley

Brand: Cambridge University Press
Released: June 13th, 1997
Multicolor Paperback (352 pages)

Convict Maids: The Forced Migration of Women to Australia (Studies in Australian History)
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Convict Maids: The Forced Migration of Women to Australia (Studies in Australian History)
  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521446775
  • EAN: 9780521446778
  • PartNumber: 56 b/w illus. 2 maps
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 352
  • Author: Deborah Oxley
  • Publication Date: June 13th, 1997
  • Release Date: June 13th, 1997
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.0 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 0.88 Inches
  • Weight: 1.1464037624 Pounds
  • Color: Multicolor
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  • Used Book in Good Condition
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