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Travel Guide 2   >   Australia   >   History

   
 

Australian History


The first humans are believed to have arrived in Australia over 40,000 years ago. These people arrived via land-bridges and/or sea crossings from Southeast Asia, and became the indigenous people known as "aborigines". An additional and distinct group of early settlers, ethnically Melanesian, settled in the Torres Strait Islands (the Strait between Australia and Papua New Guinea) and the far North of Queensland.

Replica of James Cook's ship, HMB Endeavour, in Cooktown Harbour, 1988 Europeans first began to reach the area at the aroud the beginning of the 17th century. The first undisputed sighting of the Australian mainland was by the Dutch sea captain, William Janszoon in 1606. The Dutch are known to have chartered the western and northern shorelines of the continent during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement of what they called at the time "New Holland". In 1770, British navigator, James Cook mapped parts of the East coast of Australia: the region today known as New South Wales. Cook claimed the area for Great Britain.

The first British colony was established in New South Wales on January 26th, a day that is now remembered as "Australia Day". The British formerly claimed the western portions of Australia in 1859, and during the 19th century a whole series of separate British colonies were established around the continent. Much of this British colonization was based upon the transportation of convicts to penal colonies, and it was only in 1848 that the transportation of convicts to New South Wales stopped.

The arrival of Europeans had a drastic effect on the indigenous aboriginal population. This fell dramaticly from a high of 350,000 due to the infectious diseases, forced resettlements, and other factors. Indeed, although the issues remain highly controversial and disputed, some historians have characterized the events of the period as genocide.

In 1850s, the European population increased further thanks to a gold rush, and between 1855 and 1890, each of the six British colonies was separately granted responsible government - while the the colonies were autonomous in their internal affairs, they Britain retained control of foreign affairs and defense. In 1901, the six colonies were united in a federation known as the Commonwealth of Australia.

Australia participated in both World War I and World War II as part of the British Empire. To many Australians the events of the world wars, especially the Gallipoli campaign in World War I, and the Kokoda Track Campaign in World War II, were important milestones in Australia's path to independent nationhood.

Legally, Australia first moved towards independence from Britain with the Statue of Westminister in 1931 (although Australia did not ratify it until 1942, but then back dated its effect to 1939), which granted effective independence in most matters. Australia however did retain some constitutional ties with Britain for another 40 years, these only finally be severed with the passing of the Australia Act in 1986. It should be noted that the British Queen Elizabeth II is also Queen of Australia, and a 1999 national referendum rejected becoming a republic.

Here are some books about the history of Australia:


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Books about Australian History


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Girt: The Unauthorised History of Australia

By David Hunt

Black Inc.
Released: July 24th, 2013
Paperback (286 pages)

Girt: The Unauthorised History of Australia
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Description:
Girt: The Unauthorised History of Australia
  • Manufacturer: Black Inc.
  • Brand: Black Inc.
  • ISBN: 1863956115
  • EAN: 9781863956116
  • PartNumber: 21401999
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Format: Illustrated
  • Edition: First Edition
  • Number of Pages: 286
  • Author: David Hunt
  • Publication Date: July 24th, 2013
  • Release Date: July 24th, 2013
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.21258 Inches by 6.14172 Inches by 0.5999988 Inches
  • Weight: 0.84216584084 Pounds
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Alcheringa - When the First Ancestors were Created: Ancient Aliens in Australia

By Valerie J Barrow

Aurora House
Released: May 14th, 2020
Paperback (262 pages)

Alcheringa - When the First Ancestors were Created: Ancient Aliens in Australia
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Alcheringa - When the First Ancestors were Created: Ancient Aliens in Australia
  • Manufacturer: Aurora House
  • ISBN: 1922403059
  • EAN: 9781922403056
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Number of Pages: 262
  • Author: Valerie J Barrow
  • Publication Date: May 14th, 2020
  • Release Date: May 14th, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 8.50392 Inches by 5.5118 Inches by 0.7118096 Inches
  • Weight: 0.91 Pounds
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Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788

By Richard Broome

Allen & Unwin
Released: May 1st, 2010
Paperback (336 pages)

Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788
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Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788
  • Manufacturer: Allen & Unwin
  • Brand: Allen & Unwin
  • ISBN: 1742370519
  • EAN: 9781742370514
  • PartNumber: 9781742370514
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: Fourth Edition, Fourth edition
  • Number of Pages: 336
  • Author: Richard Broome
  • Publication Date: May 1st, 2010
  • Release Date: May 1st, 2010
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.5 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 1.1 Inches
  • Weight: 1.6755131912 Pounds
Features:
  • Used Book in Good Condition
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Geoffrey Blainey: Writer, Historian, Controversialist (Australian History)

By Richard Allsop

Monash University Publishing
Released: January 1st, 2020
Paperback (304 pages)

Geoffrey Blainey: Writer, Historian, Controversialist (Australian History)
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Geoffrey Blainey: Writer, Historian, Controversialist (Australian History)
  • Manufacturer: Monash University Publishing
  • Brand: Monash University Publishing
  • ISBN: 1925835626
  • EAN: 9781925835625
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: None
  • Number of Pages: 304
  • Author: Richard Allsop
  • Publication Date: January 1st, 2020
  • Release Date: January 1st, 2020
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.1 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 1.0 Inches
  • Weight: 0.95 Pounds
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Australian History for Dummies

By Alex McDermott

Wiley
Released: May 16th, 2011
Paperback (448 pages)

Australian History for Dummies
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Australian History for Dummies
  • Manufacturer: For Dummies
  • Brand: Wiley
  • ISBN: 1742169996
  • EAN: 9781742169996
  • PartNumber: 9781742169996
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 448
  • Author: Alex McDermott
  • Publication Date: May 16th, 2011
  • Release Date: May 16th, 2011
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  • Size: 8.999982 Inches by 7.299198 Inches by 1.401572 Inches
  • Weight: 1.61378375784 Pounds
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Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788

By Richard Broome

A&U Academic
Released: April 1st, 2020
Paperback (432 pages)

Aboriginal Australians: A History Since 1788
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  • Brand: A&U Academic
  • ISBN: 1760528218
  • EAN: 9781760528218
  • PartNumber: unknown
Details:
  • Paperback
  • Edition: Fifth edition
  • Number of Pages: 432
  • Author: Richard Broome
  • Publication Date: April 1st, 2020
  • Release Date: April 1st, 2020
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  • Size: 9.25 Inches by 6.0 Inches by 1.1 Inches
  • Weight: 1.85 Pounds
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Attending to the National Soul: Evangelical Christians in Australian History, 1914-2014 (2)

By Robert D Linder

Monash University Publishing
Released: February 3rd, 2020
Hardcover (680 pages)

Attending to the National Soul: Evangelical Christians in Australian History, 1914-2014 (2)
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Attending to the National Soul: Evangelical Christians in Australian History, 1914-2014 (2)
  • Manufacturer: Monash University Publishing
  • Brand: Monash University Publishing
  • ISBN: 1925835367
  • EAN: 9781925835366
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  • Hardcover
  • Edition: None
  • Number of Pages: 680
  • Authors: Robert D Linder, Stuart Piggin
  • Publication Date: February 3rd, 2020
  • Release Date: February 3rd, 2020
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  • Size: 9.3 Inches by 6.1 Inches by 1.7 Inches
  • Weight: 1.322773572 Pounds
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Light Horse: A History of Australia's Mounted Arm (Australian Army History Series)

By Jean Bou

Cambridge University Press
Released: December 21st, 2009
Hardcover (376 pages)

Light Horse: A History of Australia s Mounted Arm (Australian Army History Series)
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  • Manufacturer: Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN: 0521197082
  • EAN: 9780521197083
  • PartNumber: unknown
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  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 0
  • Number of Pages: 376
  • Author: Jean Bou
  • Publication Date: December 21st, 2009
  • Release Date: December 21st, 2009
Physical Description:
  • Size: 9.02 Inches by 6.1 Inches by 0.98 Inches
  • Weight: 1.4550509292 Pounds
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Dark Emu: Aboriginal Australia and the birth of agriculture

By Bruce Pascoe

Scribe US
Released: May 15th, 2018
Paperback (288 pages)

Dark Emu: Aboriginal Australia and the birth of agriculture
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  • ISBN: 1947534084
  • EAN: 9781947534087
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  • Paperback
  • Edition: US edition
  • Number of Pages: 288
  • Author: Bruce Pascoe
  • Publication Date: May 15th, 2018
  • Release Date: May 15th, 2018
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  • Size: 8.5 Inches by 5.25 Inches by 1.0 Inches
  • Weight: 0.6503636729 Pounds
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Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism

Oxford University Press
Released: August 23rd, 2016
Hardcover (320 pages)

Only in Australia: The History, Politics, and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism
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  • Manufacturer: Oxford University Press
  • ISBN: 019875325X
  • EAN: 9780198753254
  • PartNumber: 9780198753254
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  • Hardcover
  • Edition: 1
  • Number of Pages: 320
  • Publication Date: August 23rd, 2016
  • Release Date: August 23rd, 2016
Physical Description:
  • Size: 6.2 Inches by 9.3 Inches by 0.9 Inches
  • Weight: 1.38009376012 Pounds
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